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COAI Competition Rules

    I.         GENERAL                                                         

                      A.         International Competition Chairman

                                        1.         The Director of Conventions will appoint an International Competition Chairman to serve as the Chief Judge at Clowns of America International (COAI) annual conventions.

                                        2.         The Competition Chairman will be responsible for maintaining current competition rules, criteria for selection of judges, and criteria for judging of categories by means of a standing competition committee. He/she will conduct a judges’ seminar prior to the start of competition.

                                        3.         The Competition Chairman is the chief advisor to the convention host alley regarding requirements and procedures for conducting the competition. He/she will maintain a Manual for Hosting a COAI Annual Convention Competition. The Competition Chairman will also coordinate procuring competition awards.

                                        4.         If the Competition Chairman is unable to attend the convention, the Director of Conventions will appoint a qualified COAI member to act as the Competition Chairman/Chief Judge for that convention.
 

                      B.         Awards

                                        1.         First, Second and Third Place awards for categories listed in these rules will be presented by COAI. In the event of a tie for any award, a duplicate award will be mailed to the winner(s), not receiving an award at the awards ceremony, as soon as possible by COAI.

                                        2.         Each person entering competition will receive a Certificate of Participation from COAI.

                                        3.         Each person placing in the TOP TEN, within a competition category, will receive a TOP TEN Certificate.  First time TOP TEN winners will receive a TOP TEN patch and current year date strip. Subsequent TOP TEN winners will receive a date strip only.  Winners of multiple categories, within the same convention, will receive only one date strip.

                                        4.         A minimum of one (1) clown must be registered to allow competition in any category.

                                        5.         When there are six (6) or more competitors in a category, placement is determined by high score.  TOP TEN placements will be awarded.

                                        6.         When there are five (5) or less competitors in a category, the first place winner must earn a minimum of 90 percent on their average score. The second place winner must have earned a minimum of 83 percent on their average score. The third place winner must have a minimum of 75 percent on their average score.

 II.         JUDGING

                      A.         Selection

                                        1.         The COAI Competition Chairman will select all judges.

                                        2.         A minimum of five (5) judges will be utilized for all competitive events.

                                        3.         One (1) judge will be a qualified COAI officer and remainder selected from qualified members at large.

                                        4.         All judges must be COAI members in good standing and must have been certified as a COAI judge by the COAI Competition Chairman. To qualify as a COAI judge, a member must: 

                                                      a.         Have been a clown for at least five (5) consecutive years prior to the convention.

                                                      b.         Have extensive experience in clowning through public performances, education, teaching the art of clowning or competition. Competition experience should include placing within the top three (3) in regional and/or international competitions, not necessarily COAI competitions.

                                                      c.         Have judging experience in local and/or regional conventions/seminars.

                                                      d.         Attended a judging seminar conducted at a COAI annual convention, an International Shrine Clown Association (ISCA) judging seminar or any other judging seminar certified by the COAI Competition Director on or after May 1990.  

                                                      e.         Unless excused by the COAI Competition Chairman, all judges must attend a meeting each year to judge that year.

                                        5.         At least six (6) months prior to a convention, members desiring to be certified as a COAI judge must send a résumé to the COAI Competition Chairman.

                      B.         Judging Procedures

                                        1.         Judging will be in designated areas, which will be announced by the hosting alley.

                                        2.         Each judge will print his/her name and sign the appropriate score sheet. The score sheets will be returned to the contestant prior to the end of the convention.

                                        3.         The decision of the judges will be final.

                                        4.         The Chief Judge has the right to disqualify participants in any category for infractions of any competition rule or the Clown Code of Ethics. The panel of judges can disqualify a contestant(s) if they do not meet the established criteria for a specific category.

                                        5.         Each panel of judges will appoint a head judge.  Contestants may not speak to any judge unless in response to a question from a head judge.

                                        6.         Judges may not talk to other judges during the competition.

                                        7.         Unresolved questions regarding rules and procedures will be directed to the Chief Judge.
 

III.         COMPETITION CATEGORIES AND SPECIFIC RULES

                      A.         Professional conduct

                                        1.         At all times, each clown is expected to conduct him/herself according to the COAI Code of Ethics and The Eight Clown Commandments.

                                        2.         It is the responsibility of each contestant to read, understand and adhere to the competition rules and procedures.

                                        3.         Any clown, in competition, whose conduct is deemed inappropriate or unfavorable may be disqualified by the Chief Judge and/or the panel of judges.
 

                      B.         Eligibility

                                        1.         All clowns in good standing with COAI are eligible to participate in the competition, except for members and associate members of the host alley.  However, the host alley may ask the COAI Board of Directors for a waiver, allowing them to compete. 

                                        2.         All contestants must be fully registered with the convention.

                                        3.         Competition Registration:

                                                      a.         Contestants must show their current COAI membership card at competition registration.  For membership verification purposes, a current membership list will be at the competition registration desk. If a contestant joins COAI for the first time at the convention, he/she must have a certificate from a COAI officer or COAI Business Office Manager indicating he/she is a new member.

                                                      b.         Contestants may only register for competition at the times posted.  Registration for all categories will be open twice prior to the date/time of the first competition category of the convention. 

                                                      c.         The host alley will assign convention registration numbers; which will also be used as the competitor’s contestant number. Contestants must list their full name, COAI number, and contestant number on the competition sign up sheet. 

                                                      d.         If a contestant cannot arrive at the convention by the first competition registration, and wishes to compete the next day, they must e-mail their name, convention registration number, COAI number, and each competition category to the COAI Competition Chairman and Assistant Competition Chairman no later than 24 hours prior to the start of competition.

                                                      e.         Prior to midnight, the day registration closes for specific categories; a computer-generated number will be assigned to each contestant/group, which will be their order of performance. This list will be posted at or near the competition registration area.

                                                        f.         At the time of competition registration, contestant(s) will be given written information regarding the stage facilities, sound and lighting facilities and available props. The host alley may decide to hold a meeting to provide this information. 

                      C.         Makeup/Costume Competition

                                        1.         Seven (7) types of clowns will be judged in makeup/costume competition: Classic Whiteface, Comedy Whiteface, Auguste, Lite Auguste, Tramp/Hobo/Bag Lady, Character and Seniors Division. 

                                                      a.         Members who are 55 years and older may compete separately in the Seniors Division.  Seniors may compete as Classic Whiteface, Comedy Whiteface, Auguste, Lite Auguste, Tramp/Hobo/Bag Lady or Character and will be judged accordingly.

                                                      b.         Clowns classed as Novelty clowns cannot compete in makeup/costume competition. A Novelty clown is one whose costume is primarily designed for a parade or as a sight gag.

                                        2.         Registration:

                                                      a.         A contestant may enter only one makeup category.

                                                      b.         Contestants must register for their appropriate category during the competition registration times as posted.  (See III. COMPETITION CATEGORIES AND SPECIFIC RULES, B. Eligibility, 3. Competition Registration)

                                                      c.         A First Place winner is prohibited from entering that category for three (3) consecutive years but, using a different make up and costume, may enter any other makeup category.  For example, a person winning in Auguste, cannot enter Seniors the with the same make up and costume.

                                        3.         Contestants must apply their own makeup.  Assistance with application is grounds for disqualification.

                                        4.         Competition procedures:

                                                      a.         All identification tags, badges, or patches that give the contestant¹s name, clown name, and/or alley/club must be removed or concealed. Failure to do so will result in a five (5) point penalty per judge, with a maximum 25 point penalty.

                                                      b.         A contestant may carry a prop if it is part of his/her character (i.e.: what the public normally sees with the clown), but the prop may not be demonstrated in any manner during the judging of the contestant. Failure to comply will result in a five (5) point penalty per judge, with a maximum 25 point penalty.

                                                      c.         At a time and location designated by the host alley, contestants must assemble and line up in assigned order. Any contestant that arrives after the designated time will be disqualified.

                                                      d.         All contestants in a makeup category will be paraded in front of the judges and then judged individually.

                                                      e.         Each contestant will be called to a judging area in front of the judges.  They will be instructed to turn slowly and then asked to strike a pose.

                                                        f.         At no time will a judge touch a contestant, but the contestant may be asked questions.

                                                      g.         After judging, the contestant will be excused from the judging area.

                                                      h.         If a contestant leaves the holding area after the parade and does not return when his/her number is called for the individual judging, that contestant will be disqualified.

                                                        i.         During the time contestants are in the holding area, individual judging area, or in the audience, they must conduct themselves in an orderly manner or risk disqualification. Performing in these areas is prohibited. 

                                        5.         Contestants will be judged on the following (maximum score 100 points per judge):

                                                      a.         Makeup design

                                                      b.         Makeup application

                                                      c.         Costume design

                                                      d.         Costume accessories (i.e.: shoes, gloves, ties, hats, collars, vests)

                                                      e.         Wig (when applicable)
 

                      D.         Skit Competition

                                        1.         Skit competition is divided into two (2) categories: Single Skit (limited to one person on stage) and Group Skit (two or more persons on stage). If a member or members of the audience are needed for the skit, the skit will be considered a group skit.

                                        2.         Contestants must register during the competition registration times as posted.  Contestants may register in both Single and Group categories but can only register for one skit per category. (See III. COMPETITION CATEGORIES AND SPECIFIC RULES, B. Eligibility, 3. Competition Registration) 

                                        3.         All identification, tags, badges, or patches which give the contestant’s name and/or alley/club name must be removed or concealed. Failure to do so will result in a two (2) point penalty per judge, with a maximum 10 point penalty.

                                        4.         Skits must be suitable for all ages and in keeping with the spirit of clowning. They must be kept clean and decent in both word and suggestion. Skits should not cause injury to any person, performer, or member of the audience. Violation of these principles will result in disqualification.

                                        5.         It is up to the contestant to determine the allowed use of smoke and/or pyrotechnics with the host alley prior to the convention.

                                        6.         Competition procedures:

                                                      a.         Time:

                                                                           1.         Contestants will have up to one (1) minute to set up props/scenery on stage, and one (1) minute to remove all props/scenery from the stage after their performance. It is the contestant’s responsibility to set up the skit; however stagehands will be available to assist. Any skit set-up time or breakdown time, exceeding this limit, will automatically be penalized five (5) points for every 15 seconds over the time limit.

                                                                           2.         Contestants in single skit competition will have a maximum of three (3) minutes to perform their skit. Contestants in group competition will have a maximum of five (5) minutes to perform their skit. Any skit that exceeds the limit will automatically be penalized one (1) point per judge per second.

                                                                           3.         Contestants using pies, water, confetti, etc., must clean up the stage during the one (1) minute break down time. If something falls or is thrown from the stage and lands on the floor and/or into the audience, it is the contestant’s responsibility to clean it up.  The time will continue to run until cleanup is completed to the Competition Chairman’s or Assistant Competition Chairman satisfaction.  Failure to do so will result in a ten (10) point penalty, plus the time penalty. If a contestant does not clean up, he or she may NOT compete for the next five years.

                                                                           4.         Official timing starts from the completion of the Master of Ceremony’s introduction of the skit and a contestant¹s entrance onto the stage, or the start of background music and/or sound effect, which ever comes first. Official timing ends when the contestant(s) leave the stage.

                                                                           5.         A member of the Competition Committee will serve as the official time keeper.

                                                      b.         Facilities:

                                                                           1.         If the competition cannot be held in a theater setting, a portable stage 12’x18’x3’ should be made available by the host alley. Specific sizes may vary based on local facilities.

                                                                           2.         Contestants must supply their music and/or sound effects on cassette or compact disk properly cued. The host alley will provide an adequate sound system and operator. The operator, however, will not be allowed to start, stop, re-start the tape or compact disk. Once the tape or compact disk is started, no other cuing will be allowed. The host alley must provide a sound system of at least 150 watts output with compact and cassette capabilities.  The compact disk player must be able to play all formats (CR, R+, RW- and RW+) compact disks, as well as MP3 and MP4 players.

                                                                           3.         Stagehands will be available to help contestants with props and scenery. However, it is the responsibility of the contestant to ensure it is done within the allotted time. While it is the responsibility of the contestant to provide all necessary props and equipment, the host alley may provide tables and chairs for use by contestants.

                                                      c.         Performance procedures:

                                                                           1.         Skits will be performed in the sequential order established after close of registration. Contestants and all members of groups are responsible to be in the holding area at least 15 minutes before their performance. Contestants will be disqualified if not in the holding area when prior contestant(s) take the stage.

                                                                           2.         A Master of Ceremonies will introduce the skit in accordance with directions given by the contestant/group.  The emcee should not make any remarks, during the competition, which may influence the judges.

                                                                           3.         A contestant in Single Skit competition may not have any assistance from anyone off stage during the skit, other than a sound technician starting music/sound effects.

                                                                           4.         A member or members of a group skit may leave and reenter the stage as long as there is at least one (1) clown on stage at all times.

                                                                           5.         A contestant(s), having won First Place with a particular skit, may not reuse that skit or part of that skit for three (3) consecutive years but may enter a new skit the next year.

                                                      d.         Contestants/groups will be judged on the following (maximum score of 100 points per judge):

                                                                           1.         Definite beginning, middle, and end

                                                                           2.         Pace and timing

                                                                           3.         Characterizations and clown character involvement

                                                                           4.         Quality and use of props

                                                                           5.         Facial and body movements

                                                                           6.         Costume/makeup

                                                                           7.         Originality

                                                                           8.         Professional behavior on stage

                                                                           9.         Audience reaction

                                                                       10.         Overall effectiveness of presentation
 

                      E.         Paradeabililty

                                        1.         Paradeability competition is designed to judge a clown’s or a group’s ability to perform, entertain or bring laughter during a parade. Contestants may use a sight gag, an object or prop, using signs or vocal expression. Parade gimmicks may be carried, pushed, pulled or driven, and do not require a setup or teardown time. Objects used are those that can be "reloaded" on the move.

                                        2.         Clowns wearing novelty type costumes must participate in this competition instead of makeup/costume competition.

                                        3.         All identification tags, badges, or patches, that give the contestant’s name and/or alley/club name, must be removed or concealed. Failure to do so will result in a five (5) point penalty per judge, with a maximum 25 point penalty

                                        4.         Competition procedures:

                                                      a.         Registration:

                                                                           1.         Contestant(s) must register for paradeability competition at the times posted. (See III. COMPETITION CATEGORIES AND SPECIFIC RULES, B. Eligibility, 3. Competition Registration)

                                                                           2.         Two (2) separate categories, individual and group, will be judged. A contestant can register in only one (1) category.

                                                                           3.         A contestant that wins First Place, with a particular parade sight gag, may not reuse that gag or any part of it for the next three (3) consecutive years but may use a new gag the next year. 

                                                      b.         Parade procedures:

                                                                           1.         A simulated, roped-off parade route will be provided, at least 13 parking spaces or approximately117 feet in length; appropriate parade music may play.

                                                                           2.         At a time designated by the host alley, contestants must assemble and line up in numerical order in designated assembly area.

                                                                           3.         A member of the Competition Committee will serve as the official time keeper.

                                                                           4.         One by one, each contestant/group will travel down the "parade route" and must demonstrate their parade prop or entertain the spectators at least three (3) times within a one (1) minute time frame. A one (1) point penalty per second per judge will be levied for failure to cross the finish line within the one (1) minute time frame.

                                                                           5.         Competition will normally be held outside rain or shine.  However, in the event of inclement weather, the competition may be moved inside for safety.

c.   Judges will be placed along the "parade route" and will judge on the following (maximum score of 100 points per judge):

1.            Act and/or prop appropriate to type of crowd

2.            Originality

3.            Quality and practicality

4.            Costume-make up

5.            Audience/crowd appeal 

                       F.         Balloon Sculpture Competition

                                        1.         There are three (3) categories in the Balloon Sculpture Competition: Single, Multiple, and Arrangement.

                                                      a.         Single Balloon Sculpture: A sculpture using only one (1) 160, 260, 350, 360 or single shape balloon or similar balloon, without the use of an adhesive. The sculpture shall be one (1) continuous balloon with the exception of pop twist.  Details may be added using a marker(s).  No stickers or other embellishment are allowed.

                                                      b.         Multiple Balloon Sculpture: A sculpture using any combination of balloons, the same or varying sizes or shape, without the aid of an adhesive. Details may be added using a marker(s).  No stickers or other embellishments are allowed.

                                                      c.         Balloon Arrangement:  A sculpture and/or arrangement using a combination of balloons, the same or varying sizes or shapes, with any other non-balloon object(s). A non-balloon object(s) must be incorporated in to the Balloon Arrangement. Adhesives may be used.  Details may be added using a marker(s).  Stickers and other embellishments are allowed. Arrangements must be transportable. Bases, such as trays, may be used.  During the transfer to the judging area, if a component from the arrangement falls off, it cannot be reattached.  

 

                                                      d.         Registration:

                                                                           1.     Contestant(s) must register for balloon competition at the times posted. (See III. COMPETITION CATEGORIES AND SPECIFIC RULES, B. Eligibility, 3. Competition Registration)

                                                                           2.     Contestants may enter all three (3) categories but must register for each category.

 

                                        2.         Competition procedures:

                                                      a.         Contestants must be in the competition area when competition begins. Contestants entering after the posted time will be disqualified.

                                                      b.         Contestants must furnish their own supplies.

                                                      c.         Balloons may not be inflated, cut or marked before competition begins.  Prior to each competition, a person designated by the Competition Director, will inspect the competition area to ensure each contestant is incompliance with this rule.   

                                                      d.         No photographs, diagrams or written instructions, printed or electronic, may be use during competition. All electronic devices must be turned off prior to entering the competition area.  

                                                      e.         Contestants may use inflating devices, hand or battery power.

                                                        f.         No pump, using an 110AC power motor, can be used in   any balloon competition (i.e.: no electricity will be supplied).

                                                      g.         Only one (1) entry may be submitted for judging per category.

                                                      h.         Contestants will be allotted ten (10) minutes in the Single, 15 minutes in the Multiple and 20 minutes in the Arrangement categories.

                                                        i.         A member of the Competition Committee will serve as the official time keeper.

                                                        j.         Sculptures that win First Place may not be reentered by that contestant for three (3) consecutive years but the contestant may use a different sculpture(s) the next year. 

                                        3.         Judges will not enter the competition area until all contestants have completed their sculptures and have departed the area or began working in another category. Depending on space availability, COAI members may watch the contestants build their sculptures. There will be no interaction between the audience and the competitors.

                                        4.         Sculptures will be judged on the following criteria (maximum score of 100 points per judge):

                                                      a.         Appearance

                                                      b.         Uniformity

                                                      c.         Originality

                                                      d.         Use of type of balloon

                                                      e.         Use of color

G.             Face Painting Competition

                               1.         There are two (2) categories in the Face Painting Competition:  Cheek Art and Full Face Art.

                                                          a.         Cheek Art: The design should be small enough to fit on the cheek. The design must fit into either face quadrant three (3) or four (4) but not both; the design cannot extend beyond the selected quadrant.*

                                                          b.         Cheek Art will have a five (5) minute time limit.

                                                           c.         Full Face Art: The design needs to have paint in at   least three (3) of the four (4) quadrants, but may use all four (4); the design cannot extend beyond the selected quadrants.*

                                                          d.         Full Face will have a 15-minute time limit.

                                                          e.         A member of the Competition Committee will serve as the official time keeper.

                                                            f.         Registration:

                                                                            1.         Contestants must register for face painting competition at the times posted.  (See III. COMPETITION CATEGORIES AND SPECIFIC RULES, B. Eligibility, 3. Competition Registration)

                                                                            2.         Contestants may enter both categories but must register for each category.

                               2.         Competition procedures:

                                                          a.         Contestants must be in the competition area when competition begins. Contestants entering late (after the posted time) will be disqualified.

                                                          b.         Contestants must furnish their own supplies and must use paints and supporting products that are manufactured using only ingredients fully compliant with Food and Drug Administration (FDA) cosmetic regulations and are non-toxic.

                                                           c.         Competitors must provide their own live (human canvas) model(s).  They must provide a separate model for each category in which they are competing. Both models must be there at the beginning of the first competition if the contestant is going to compete in both categories.

                                                          d.         Only one (1) design may be submitted for judging per category.

                                                          e.         No photographs, diagrams or written instructions, printed or electronic, may be use during competition.  All electronic devices must be turned off prior to entering the competition area.

                                                            f.         Metallic, neon, Lumiere and Interfernz paint will be allowed

                               3.         Prior to the competition, a person designated by the Competition Director, will inspect the painting materials to ensure the products are manufactured in accordance with FDA guidelines. This person will not be a judge at the face painting competition.

                               4.         CONTESTANTS USING TRADEMARKED DESIGNS WILL RESULT IN DISQUALIFICATION.

                               5.         Painting will be by paintbrush and /or sponge only. All painting will be free hand.  The use of stamps, stencils and airbrush is prohibited.

                               6.         Designs cannot include jewels, glitter, gold leaf, feathers, ribbons or any other non-paint form of embellishment. Models hair, clothing, or theatrical contact lens may not be used to enhance design(s).

                               7.         Depending on space availability, face painting may be done in front of a live audience. There will be no interaction between the audience and the competitors.

                               8.         Judges will not enter the competition area. 

                               9.         Once a category has ended, the models will leave the competition area, parade in front of the judging panel and then must remain in the holding area until they have been judged.

                            10.         A contestant having won First Place with a design may not compete with the winning design for three (3) consecutive years but may use a new design(s) the next year.

                            11.         Designs will be judged on the following criteria (maximum score of 100 points per judge):

a.      Application

b.      Use of color

c.      Technique

d.      Difficulty of design

e.      Originality

 

http://c.ymcdn.com/sites/coai.site-ym.com/resource/resmgr/new_competition_2010/FP-Face_Pattern.jpg

 

* Using a diagram, from the COAI Clowning 101 manual, the face into four (4) quadrants, using one (1) line vertically down the center of the face and another line horizontally across the face going from the middle of the ear across the corner of the eye, across the bridge of the nose to the other side.  The imaginary lines create four (4) separate quadrants. 

Quadrants 1 and 2 start from the bridge of the nose, corner of the eye up to the forehead hairline.  Quadrants 3 and 4 will be from the bridge, center of the nose, corner of the eye middle of the ear and follow the jawbone line to the tip of the chin.  Exceeding any of the quadrants will result in automatic disqualification.

H. Convention Best in Clown Award

1.    Contestants are required to indicate, on the competition registration form, their intent to complete in the Convention Best in Clown.

2.    Contestants have to compete in: Makeup (any category), Single Skit and Single Paradeability.

3.    In addition, a contestant must compete in two (2) of the following five (5) competitions:  Face Painting Cheek Art, Face Painting Full Face Art, Single Balloon, Multiple Balloon, Balloon Arrangement.

4.    If a contestant enters more than just two (2) of the five competitions (Face Painting Cheek Art, Face Painting Full Face Art, Single Balloon, Multiple Balloon, or Balloon Arrangement), the highest two (2) scores of those five (5) competitions will be used.

5.    If less than five (5) contestants enter the Convention Best in Clown competition, the winner must earn a minimum of 90 percent on their average scores.  In the event of a tie, the tie breaker will be the highest score in the makeup competition.

6.    The winner of the Convention Best in Clown Award will receive an engraved medallion, certificate, and a feature to include picture(s) and interview in The New Calliope and bragging rights for one (1) year.

7.   A competitor can compete in Convention Best in Clown if they have previously won this award beginning in 2016, If they win a second time they will be awarded The Convention Clown of Excellence Award 

 

IV. COMPETITION JUDGING CRITERIA 

The following are the criteria COAI judges will use when judging makeup and costumes in COAI competition. The makeup and costume competition categories are: Classic Whiteface, Comedy Whiteface, Auguste, Lite Auguste, Tramp/Hobo, Character, and Seniors Division. The overall appearance of the clown, not just the color of the face alone, establishes the appropriate classification.

A.         Classic Whiteface

                                        1.         Character: Commonly called the Pierrot Clown, an elegant clown, artistic, colorful, bright and cheery. Its performance is highly artistic and skillful, but done with a comedic or dramatic flair.

                                        2.         Makeup: All exposed flesh will be covered with white makeup. Minimal lining color(s) and/or glitter will be used to express the features of the eyes, nose, and mouth. A white skullcap would be worn in lieu of a colored wig. The European Whiteface generally does not wear a comedy nose, false eyelashes, or large ears.

                                        3.         Costume: Considered the "most beautiful" of all clowns, it would be outfitted with the traditional one or two-piece jumpsuit of white or colored material to fit the character of the Classic Pierrot. The styles may vary, but are generally roomy and well fitted and may have a detachable collar. The tunic or blouse can be straight, flared, short, medium or long with the long sleeves. Buttons, pompons, piping and ruffles should be of a contrasting color. The pants can be straight, flared, ruffled or pantaloon. A clown hat should fit the clown¹s character/personality (i.e.: short or tall cone hat, short cup or flat hat, or the typical Pagliacci hat). Gloves should cover the hands and wrists and should be white or colored to fit the wardrobe. Ballet or dancing slippers would be worn in lieu of large comedy shoes.

 

B.            Straight Whiteface

      1. Character: The aristocrat of all clowns. An elegant clown, artistic, colorful, bright and cheery. In a setting with other clowns, the Straight Whiteface would be in charge. Its performance is highly artistic and skillful, but done with a comedic or dramatic flair. When performing with the Auguste and/or Tramp, this clown will remain in charge, setting up the routine, throwing rather than taking the pie, slap or kick. Although more comical than the European Whiteface, this clown is a bit more reserved than the impish and gregarious Auguste.
      2. Makeup: All exposed flesh will be covered with white makeup. Minimal lining color(s) and/or glitter will be used to express the features of the eyes, nose and mouth. Varying styles and colors of clown wigs are used in lieu of only the skullcap. The color of the wig is generally chosen to accent another color in the costume.
      3. Costume: The costume will fit well. Satins, sequins, rhinestones and theatrical fabrics (i.e.: shiny, flash, beaded, etc.) can be used. A one or two-piece jumper worn with a ruffled collar is the most common Whiteface costume. However, a two-piece suit or tuxedo style is also acceptable. The costume, including the accessories, should be color coordinated. Shoes can be large or small but should be simple. Gloves would always be worn.

 

C.            Comedy Whiteface

                                       1.         Character: As the Straight Whiteface is the more traditional clown, the Grotesque Whiteface, also known as the Comedy Whiteface, is today the most common Whiteface clown. When performing with the Auguste and/or Tramp, this clown will usually take charge, setting up the routine, throwing rather than taking the pie, slap, or kick. Although more comical than the Straight Whiteface, this clown is usually a bit more reserved than the impish and gregarious Auguste.

                                       2.         Makeup: As in the Straight Whiteface, all exposed flesh of the face, neck and ears will be covered in white makeup. The coloring and design of the facial features are what differentiate it from the Classic design. Whereas the Straight design is purposely kept simple, the (Comedy) Grotesque Whiteface design may include large false eyelashes, a larger mouth design, a clown nose and other features on the face. Some of these features may be outlined in black; glitter and sparkles are also common. Varying styles and colors of clown wigs are used in lieu of only the skullcap. The color of the wig is generally chosen to accent another color in the costume.

                                       3.         Although the traditional jump suit can be worn, the (Comedy) Grotesque Whiteface is equally acceptable in brightly colored shirts and pants, suits and large comedy shoes that complement the costume. Costumes will be glitzier and more color coordinated than the Auguste costume. White or colored gloves should be worn. The female clown costuming does not vary much between the Auguste and the Whiteface; the tradition of color coordination, sparkles, glitter, ruffles and ribbon remain. Even when using cotton fabrics, the total look will be pretty and elegant.

 

D.            Auguste

1.            Character: The most comical of all clowns. He/she is impish, gregarious and thrives on slapstick. His/her actions are big, clumsy and awkward. He/she does not have much in common with the Whiteface except for the makeup and costume. His/her personality is that of a rabble-rouser. When appearing with a Whiteface, the Auguste is the brunt of the joke. However, with the Tramp he becomes the instigator in control of the situation.

2.         Makeup: The Auguste has a highly colorful makeup with a base color of flesh tone (pink, tan, reddish brown) on the face and neck. The eye and muzzle areas are usually covered in white to produce a wide-eyed expression and to accentuate the mouth design. Designs in and around the eye area and mouth design are generally black or red, but other lining colors, in moderation, are acceptable. A red shadowing around the muzzle area is generally outlined in black (or occasionally red). This clown will normally wear a large comedy nose appropriate to the size of the clown’s face. The Auguste will always wear a wig, but can choose from the many varied styles and colors that will accentuate the costume and flesh tones of the Auguste.

3.            Costume: The Auguste clown has the widest variety of costume designs to choose from, except it would not wear the "traditional" jumpsuit of the Whiteface clown. The Auguste clown could wear a jacket or coat, short, medium or long, with or without tails, or go without. The pants could be short, long or oversize. It can choose from a wide selection of colorful plaids, stripes, polka dots, and checks, as well as solid colors. Commonly called "the tailor’s nightmare," the colors and patterns should complement the overall clown¹s appearance, whether or not they are coordinated or matched. Theatrical fabrics or sequins are inappropriate on the Auguste costume. He/she is usually a notorious prankster and may need a lot of pockets to carry gags and tricks. The costume can be complemented with outlandish accessories like large or small ties, vests, colorful socks, large or comical collars, suspenders and many styles and colors of comedy clown shoes. These and one of the many hat possibilities, like skimmers, Irish derbies, bowlers, top hats, stovepipes, mad hatters and crushable in various bright colors, will enhance the Auguste clown character. White or colored gloves are also worn. Although the classic European Auguste is used in skits, it is not appropriate for COAI competitions. Costuming does not vary much between the Auguste and the Whiteface female clown regarding style, but the Whiteface tradition of color coordination, sparkles, glitter, ruffles and ribbon remain. Even when using cotton fabrics, the total look would be pretty and elegant. The Auguste female clown may wear mismatched colors and be totally uncoordinated, but may also prefer to be a pretty clown. This is acceptable. However, the female Auguste must never wear sequins and glitter or use theatrical fabrics. These belong only to the Whiteface beauties. Large comedy shoes should be worn. The female Auguste may choose to be a bumbling, stumbling or slapstick personality, much the same as the male Auguste clown.

 

E.            Lite Auguste

      1. Many clowns in the United States of America have altered the look of the traditional Auguste clown. COAI has embraced the new look and defined it as Lite Auguste.  This category isn't just a lite face design in a traditional clown costume. It is a TOTAL look: 

                                                      a.         Make-up: The design of Lite Auguste makeup is much smaller and not designed for working in an arena or in front of a large audience. It is designed for working in a more intimate setting such as one-on-one at a birthday party, in a hospital, on the street, etc. The design incorporates an eye accent, mouth, eyebrow, nose (artificial or painted on) and lite cheek accent.  Makeup does not cover entire face, ears and/or neck.  The use of a base makeup is optional. If a base is applied, it does not have to reach all areas of the face and neck. A muzzle is optional, but, if used, should be small in size.  NO COLOR WIG IS USED. Natural hair or lack there of is preferred. If a wig is used because of lack of hair, it should look like natural hair.  The design/style of your human hair or lack thereof will be judged in support of the overall makeup design.  No glitter or highlights of any type shall be incorporated in the lite clown makeup design. 

                                                      b.         Costume: The supporting costume will be more pedestrian/human like (i.e.:  people clothes). Washable fabrics would be used.  Costume design will incorporate more secondary colors, such as green, orange and violet as well as browns and sands. The use of primary colors will be minimized.   Pants, dresses, shirts, skirts, vests, ties, accent pieces will be more human like. They can be baggy or tight. No large embellishments are needed. Gloves are optional.  NO CLOWN JACKETS WOULD BE WORN. Costume pattern can be plaid, checks, and solid color and emphasizes the secondary and/or earth tone colors.  Neither shiny satin fabric nor glitter would be incorporated in the costume, such as sequin ties, vests or hats.  Clown shoes are optional. Shoe design would have to work with and support the costume. Hats are optional. If a hat is worn, it must be more pedestrian.  Ties and collars would be small in size and more pedestrian.  Socks will match the design of the costume.

 

F.            Tramp/Hobo/Bag Lady

1.            Character: Red Skelton in his Freddie the Freeloader character, portrayed this type of character, character portrayed this type of character. Considered the only true American clown, some believe that this character developed from the days of the depression in the 30¹s when men "rode the rails" looking for work. Other historical references indicate the Tramp makeup goes back to vaudeville and minstrel shows of the 1800¹s and early 1900¹s. Regardless of the type of Tramp/Hobo, he/she is the one who is the brunt of the joke and will be on the receiving end of the pie, slap or kick from the Whiteface or Auguste. Both variations tramps and Tamp There are some variations in this clown category. The classic Tramp epitomized by Emmett Kelly and Otto Griebing of circus fame is the forlorn and downtrodden character who has nothing and knows he will never have anything. By nature he probably will be a loner, who is reflected in his determination to be silent, generally not talking to anyone but his peers. His downcast mannerisms and shuffling, burdensome movements reflect his hard life.

2.            Tramp Makeup: Male is black or a shade of dark gray to reflect the soot and beard, feathered into the upper cheeks and down under the chin. A ruddy nose is used. A little red shading in the cheeks can help create the sunburned look. The eyebrows and mouth should be turn down to reflect sadness tones.

3.            Tramp Costume: These should be well tatted and held together with rags or other materials, with uneven stitching or held together with whatever available. A dark, battered hat, tattered shoes and socks, worn shirt and tie will exaggerate the character. Gloves are generally old and worn. In keeping with the unemployed status of the Tramp, this character would not wear expensive watches, rings, or new belt, shoes or socks.

4.            Hobo: The vagabond, elegant or happy Tramp is the businessman, scholar or playboy who, being fed up with his life, walked out of society for the wanderlust of travel He will work when he must. He is the king of the road, happy with what he has, and does not expect much. His character may take on some of the characteristics of the Auguste. Red Skelton in his Freddie the Freeloader character portrayed this type of character. It is considered to be the only true American clown.

5.            Hobo Makeup: Male is black or a shade of dark gray to reflect the beard, feathered into the upper cheeks and down under the chin. A ruddy nose is used. A little red shading in the cheeks can help create the sunburned look. The shape of the eyebrows and mouth should turn up to reflect carefree attitude.

6.            Hobo Costume: Usually a dark suit, tuxedo, tails or just shirt and pants made to look old and worn for the male and an old worn-out dress and/or coat for the bag lady. Should be well patched with rags or other materials, with uneven stitching or held together with whatever available. A dark, battered hat, tattered shoes and socks, worn shirt and tie will exaggerate the character. Gloves are generally old and worn. In keeping with the unemployed status of this character he/she would not wear expensive watches, rings, or new belt, shoes or socks.

7.            Bag Lady Makeup: Bag Lady makeup is similar to the Tramp or Hobo – minus the beard, of course! Makeup should be a base color of flesh tone. A little red shading in the cheeks can help create the sunburned look adding some brown or gray makeup highlights to reflect the image of living on the streets with a little White above the eye.

8.            Bag Lady Costume: She usually wears layers of clothing – a frumpy dress or skirt and blouse, perhaps a sweater and jacket over top. Add a scarf around the neck and some type of headwear. Bag ladies often wear worn sneakers or boots with droopy socks, perhaps a piece of cheap costume jewelry and, of course, carry a tattered bag or push-cart for their worldly possessions.

 

G.            Character Clowns

A Character clown is one who portrays an identifiable character and/or occupation (i.e.: fireman, nurse, doctor, cowboy, hockey player, policeman, sailor, small child, etc.). Contestants must remember that this is a clown competition; therefore, realistic impersonations or clown impersonations of famous personalities (i.e.: Charlie Chaplin, W.C. Fields, Col. Sanders, etc.), are not considered "clowns." Representations of animals or cartoon characters (i.e.: dogs, cats, Smurfs, etc.), are also not considered Character clowns. Rules regarding costumes mentioned above would not necessarily be used in judging this category. The judges will grade the contestant on how well the costume helps to identify the character. When judging this category, judges will evaluate the contestant’s makeup according to the appropriate makeup guidelines.

 

H.            Seniors Division

Contestants who are 55 years of age or older may elect to be judged in the Seniors Division rather than other makeup and costume categories. All types of clowns will be judged in this category, using the criteria set for the various types of clowns. A senior may enter only one category.

 

I.            Novelty Clown

A Novelty clown is one whose costume is primarily designed for a parade as a sight gag. Members who want to compete with these types of costumes must enter the Paradeability competition.

 

 


Revised 9/28/2012

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